james i of aragon

[4] She surrendered Lleida to James and agreed to hold Urgell in fief for him. The book contains proverbs from various authors, reaching from the time of King Solomon to nearly his own time with Albertus Magnus. James I the Conqueror (Catalan: Jaume el Conqueridor, Aragonese: Chaime lo Conqueridor, Spanish: Jaime el Conquistador, Occitan: Jacme lo Conquistaire; 2 February 1208 – 27 July 1276) was the King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276. His mummified body was later exhumed in 1856, when the monastery was under repair. The favour James showed his illegitimate offspring led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his legitimate and illegitimate sons. [9], Though James was himself a prose writer and sponsored mostly prose works, he had an appreciation of verse. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son Ja… By the Treaty of Corbeil, signed in May 1258, he ended his conflict with Louis IX of France, securing the renunciation of French claims to sovereignty over Catalonia. By the Treaty of Corbeil (1258) he renounced his claims to territories in the south of France, thus abandoning the traditional policy that the Catalan dynasty had hitherto pursued across the Pyrenees. As a child, James was a pawn in the power politics of Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles helping the Cathar heretics of Albi against the Albigensian Crusaders led by Simon IV de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who were trying to exterminate them. He was, however, able to develop relations and promote trade with the states of North Africa; and, with a clear view of the future, he married his principal heir, Peter, to Constance of Sicily, thus making it easy for the latter kingdom to be added in later years to the crown of Aragon. In the second division, his elder son, Peter, received Aragon, Valencia, and Catalonia, and his younger son, James, received the Balearic Islands, Roussillon, and other Pyrenean counties that he was to hold in fief from Peter. James built and consecrated the Cathedral of Lleida, which was constructed in a style transitional between Romanesque and Gothic with little influence from Moorish styles.[1]. They found that Baibars, the Mameluke Sultan of Egypt, had broken his truce with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and was making a demonstration of his military power in front of Acre. Valencia capitulated to Aragonese rule on 28 September 1238 following an extensive campaign that included the Siege of Burriana and the decisive Battle of the Puig, where the Aragonese commander, Bernardo Guillermo de Entenza, who was also the king's cousin, died from wounds received in action. Fearless even as a youth, he fought an Aragonese noble in hand-to-hand combat, took part in the siege of the port of Castejón in 1222, and three years later tried to seize another port. It was God's will it did not pass through the head, but the point of the arrow went half through it. [3], In 1221, he was married to Eleanor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and Leonora of England. James was handed over, at Carcassonne, in May or June 1214, to the papal legate Peter of Benevento. James I the Conqueror was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. Born Jaime Perez, heir of the Aragonese house as the son of Peter II the Catholic, he held the titles of Count of Barcelona, Valencia and Majorca. Pope Gregory IX was required to intervene. James also wrote the Libre de la Saviesa or "Book of Wisdom." Professor of Medieval Spanish History, University of Barcelona, Spain, 1959–78. James was the first great sponsor and patron of vernacular Catalan literature. James was released in April 1214 and recognized as sovereign in Aragon and Catalonia; placed under the protection of the Knights Templars at Monzón, he was cared for and educated by them. Aragon Royalty. Although Aurembiax's mother, Elvira, had made herself a protegée of James's father, upon her death in 1220 Guerau had occupied the county and displaced Aurembiax, claiming that a woman could not inherit. The Crusader Kingdom of Valencia – Robert Ignatius Burns, S.J. He entrusted the boy to be educated in Montfort's care in 1211, but was soon forced to take up arms against him, dying at the Battle of Muret on 12 September 1213.

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